Bulgarian Wine Regions
Modern Bulgaria is gradually finding its identity as a modern wine-producing nation, discovering new terroirs, grape varieties and styles. A steady process of establishing a particular 'Bulgarian' wine style is continually going on, while at the same time opting for reliable, marketable grape varieties such as Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah, Chardonnay, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc and Muscat.
As a wine country Bulgaria is geographically divided into five wine producing regions. Each one has its own specific characteristics.
Northern region - Danube River Plains. This region has around 30% of the vineyards in the country and includes three sub-regions. (Eastern, Central, Western)
Eastern Region - This region has around 30% of the vineyards and includes three sub-regions (Northern sea coast, Internal sub-region, South sea coast)
Sub Balkan Region -To the south of the Balkan Mountains spreads the sub-Balkan region with its two sub-regions: Eastern sub-region. It includes the Sungurlare Valley which mainly grows “Red Misket”, designated for the production of dry and semi-dry wines. Western sub-region. It includes the Rose Valley.
Southern Region - It includes around 35% of the vineyard massifs and is characterized by a moderate continental climate and good distribution of precipitation during the vegetation period.
South Western Region - This Bulgarian region includes the southwestern parts of the country. It is not large in size, but it possesses some specific climatic features which are very similar to the Mediterranean regions. Along the valley of the Struma river a unique Bulgarian varietal “Broad Leaved Vine of Melnik” (Shiroka Melnishka) is cultivated for the production of dry and semi-dry wines. Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Pamid varietals are also grown in the area. The local wines are characterized by full taste, with spicy southern tones.